Barcelona Agreement 1995

On 22 February 2017, the Secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean (UpM) and the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) signed a multi-year funding agreement of 6.5 million euros to support the UfM`s activities for more sustainable and inclusive development in the region. [97] Moreover, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who dreams of the rise of the Ottoman Empire, used the Barcelona agreement to use refugees and asylum seekers as a human shield against the European Union. According to the latest information, it has received six billion euros from the European Union to close its borders and take in refugees. The Union for the Mediterranean (UPM); The Union for the Mediterranean is an intergovernmental organisation of 42 Member States from Europe and the Mediterranean: the 27 EU Member States and 15 Mediterranean partner countries in North Africa, West Asia and Southern Europe. It was created on 13 July 2008 at the Mediterranean Summit in Paris, with the aim of strengthening the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Euromed), launched in 1995 as a Barcelona process. The general secretariat is located in Barcelona, Spain. By signing the Barcelona Declaration on 28 November 1995, the 15 EU Member States and 12 Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPC) adopted a new “framework for the management of their bilateral and regional relations (…) An innovative alliance based on shared values and principles of shared ownership, dialogue and cooperation, with the aim of creating a Mediterranean region of peace, security and shared prosperity” (EU External Action Service). It is the EU`s policy of cooperation towards the southern Mediterranean that has been encouraged to bring the EU closer to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. This Euro-Mediterranean alliance has been based on three main areas of work (political and security dialogue, economic and financial partnership and social, cultural and human partnership) and has worked through sectoral ministerial conferences held regularly in collaboration with the conferences of foreign ministers, which have served as the secretariat for the process.

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